Jean Phillipe Arthur
Dubuffet was a French avant-garde
painter, born in Le Havre (1901–1985). Dubuffet took over his
father's wine business in 1925, and withdrew from the art world. He
stayed in the wine business until 1942, when he returned to
painting, having developed a distinctive style of simple, primitive
images in a heavily encrusted canvas. This style helped Dubuffet
gain a worldwide reputation. Fascinated by the art of children and
the insane, for which he coined the term art brut (“raw
art”), he emulated its crude, violent energy in his own work.
Critics soon applied the term art brut to Dubuffet's paintings,
rather than to their stylistic source as he had intended.
Many of Dubuffet's
works are assemblages (combining found objects and other elements
into a three-dimensional integrated whole), as for example Door
with Couch-Grass (1957, Guggenheim Museum, New York City), which is
composed chiefly of fragments of paintings, grass, and pebbles.
During the early 1960s, Dubuffet produced a series of paintings
that resemble jigsaw puzzles, such as Nunc Stans (1965, Solomon R.
Guggenheim Museum, New York City), in which tiny, obscure, closely
spaced figures and faces dominate. His later work consists of large
painted polyester resin sculptures. In all of his work the violence
is tempered with elements of vitality and broad humor.
One of Dubuffet's later
works was Monument With Standing Beast (1984). Dubuffet died in
Paris in 1985. The Fondation Jean Dubuffet collects and exhibits his work.
The Dubuffet Foundation is represented by The Pace Gallery, New York.