Born in 1935 at Sacramento, California. Between 1954 and 1958 he studied at the Sacramento City College, the San Josť State College and the Sacramento State College, finishing with an M.A. From 1958 he taught at various institutions including Elk Grove High School, Mira Lama High School and California State College. In 1962-63 he began a series of garishly colored super-heroes taken from comic strips using a thick oleaginous pigment. In 1963 he was first included in a collective exhibition in Pop Goes the East at the Contemporary Art Museum, Houston. In 1964 he had his first one-man exhibition at the Bianchini Gallery, New York. In 1965 he developed a specific kind of Pop Art iconography by combining nude pin-up girls from American magazines and advertisements with branded products. In 1966 he exhibited at the Galerie Ricke, Kassel. In 1969 he was represented in the exhibition Human Concerns at the Whitney Museum, New York, and had a one-man exhibition at the Gegenverkehr, Aachen. He exhibited at the Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, in 1972, and was represented at the Pop Art exhibition at the Whitney Museum, New York, in 1974. In 1975 he had a retrospective at the Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, and in 1977 at the Oakland Museum, California. In 1978 he was included in the exhibition Art About Art, Whitney Museum, New York. Since 1980 he has taught painting at California State University, Hayward.