Alberto Giacometti, 1901–1966, was a School of Paris sculptor,
a painter and draughtsman born in the village of Borgonovo near Stampa,
Switzerland, and son of the Post-Impressionist painter
Alberto began to draw, paint and sculpt at an early age. He studied at
the Ecole des Beaux-Arts at Geneva in 1919–20, and at Italy in
1920–21. He moved in 1922 to Paris where he first studied in
Archipenko's studio, and then for five years at the Académie de la
Grande Chaumière under Bourdelle. His first one-man exhibition ws
at the Galerie Aktuaryus, Zurich, 1927. He went through a period of
intense restlessness in which he experimented with polychrome sculpture,
cages, erotic kinetic objects, near-abstraction and other styles.
Giacometti articipated in the Surrealist movement in 1930–35.
He began in 1934–35 to work again from the model, but each
sculpture became smaller and smaller, and was finally almost always
destroyed; Alerto had no exhibitions between 1935 and 1947. In 1941–45
he lived in Geneva, then returned to Paris. His characteristic style
dates from 1947 when he started to make figures which were very tall
and thin. He was awarded the First Prize for Sculpture at the Pittsburgh
International in 1961, the main prize for sculpture at the Venice Biennale
in 1962, and the Guggenheim International Award for Painting in 1964.
He died at Chur in Switzerland.