Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) was a German engraver and
painter whose fame and influence reach far beyond national borders.
Famous for his graphic work; his engravings and woodcuts; in Dürer's
time woodcuts are used to illustrate books.
Dürer was born in Nuremberg where he spends most of his life. After
his apprenticeship he marries Agnes Frey in 1494, only to leave for
Italy the very same year. Among the objects he studied in Italy were
woodcuts by Andrea Mantegna. Back in Nuremberg he creates among other
works the 15-part Apocalypse.
In 1512 he is employed by Maximillian of Austria, who grants him several
Dürer strives for artistic liberation for North European art, thereby
following the Italian Renaissance - to be free of the restrictions of
traditional methods and more room for creativity and emotion.
Dürer dies in Nuremberg in 1528. The portrait on this page is a
self-portrait from 1500, when he was 28 years old. Dürer was one of
the first artists to portray himself. He left a vast oeuvre: about 60
paintings, 250 woodcuts, 100 engravings, 6 etchings and more than 1,000
drawings and watercolours.
From October of 1916 through January of 1917, Rudolf Steiner gave a series
of nine lectures known as the Art Course. These lectures were given
the title of:
The History of Art.
Click here to discover what Steiner said about
in the third lecture, or in the entire