400 to 1453
The center of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire, was Constantinople
(now Istanbul). Byzantine art, however, refers more to style than geography.
It was intended as religious lessons by the Orthodox church, in the icons
and the decoration of churches with frescoes and mosaics, paintings and
miniature sculptures. Figures are flat and stiff, with large eyes, and often
appear to be floating. While the Byzantine Empire fell to the Turks in 1453,
its influence continued where the Orthodox church held sway, particularly