Bernhard Strigel (1460–1528) probably trained in the family
workshop in Memmingen. The relationship between this artist and Hans Strigel
the Younger remains unresolved, although it is thought that Hans may have
been Bernhard's father or uncle. From an inscription on the reverse of the
Portrait of Johannes Cuspinian we know that Strigel painted this portrait
in Vienna in 1520 at the age of sixty. Following this discovery and its
publication, Bode identified Bernhard Strigel as the so-called Master of
the Hirscher Collection.
Strigel's early works reveal the influence of Hans Strigel, although in
many cases Bernhard's motifs were derived from prints by Schongauer and
from works by the Ulm school, which was the principal artistic centre in
southern Germany at this period. Strigel worked with Bartholomäus
Zeitblom in the abbey church at Blaubeuren. Both artists were influenced
by Netherlandish art at this period, particularly Rogier van der Weyden
in the case of Zeitblom and Dieric Bouts in the case of Strigel. A clear
example of Bouts' influence on Strigel is evident in The Adoration of the
Magi (Stadtmuseum, Memmingen). One of his most important works is the
Altarpiece of the Virgin, executed for the monastery at Salem (now in
Salem castle). The monumental treatment of the objects and their arrangement
in space reflects Strigel's knowledge of the work of Dürer. His most
important patron was the Emperor Maximilian who summoned the artist to
Vienna in 1515 to paint the portraits of the Habsburg-Jagellon marriage.
Strigel's last paintings reveal the influence of Hans Holbein and the
Strigel was a great draughtsman and was noted for his innovative use of
reds and whites in his works on paper, with which he achieved brilliant
effects of reflections, for example, Saints Catherine and Dorothy
(Gallerie dell'Accademia Venice). Strigel was one of the most important
masters of the transitional period between the Gothic and the Renaissance.
He died in his native city in 1528.
From October of 1916 through January of 1917, Rudolf Steiner gave a series
of nine lectures known as the Art Course. These lectures were given
the title of:
The History of Art.
Click here to discover what Steiner said about Strigel in the
or in the entire