Cy Twombly was born Edwin Parker Twombly, Jr. in
Lexington, Virginia on April 25, 1928 and died on July 5th 2011 in
Rome, Italy. As of 1947 Twombly studies at the School of the Museum
of Fine Arts in Boston, followed by the Washington and Lee University
in Lexington in 1949–50.
Cy Twombly goes to New York in 1950 and continues
his studies at the Art Students League, where he gets to know Robert
Rauschenberg. In 1951 he changes to the Black Mountain College in
North Carolina. A year later Twombly and Robert Rauschenberg go on a
journey to South America, Spain, North Africa and Italy. He returns
to New York a year later and begins his teaching activities at the
Southern Seminary and Junior College in Buena Vista, Virginia in
1955. In 1957 Twombly moves to Rome, where he marries the Italian
Tatia Franchetti — sister of his patron Giorgio Franchetti.
Twombly's early works, made around 1951, show the
influence of Franz Kline, who is his teacher at Black Mountain
College, but are most of all an examination of Paul Klee's art. The
canvas becomes a projection screen for his own mental and physical
presence, the stroke of brush becomes more and more gestural
expressive. Like Jean Dubuffet, Cy Twombly mixes other materials into
the paint. After having moved to Italy, he combines these psychograms
with mythological and literary references. His color palette
brightens up in the Mediterranean light, the color application
becomes more lively.
Cy Twomblys filigrane pictures often seem like
hasty scribblings. He strings together symbols, characters and simple
forms. Around 1975, Cy Twombly begins to integrate paper into his
pictures on canvas, he also mixes various materials such as oil,
acrylic, watercolors and pastels, to create multi-layer surface
structures, traces and scribblings. As of 1955, he also works on
sculptures that he puts together from found objects and simple
materials and paints them with Cementino, a white wall paint. Some
are also cast in synthetic resin or bronze.
Cy Twombly belongs to the group of internationally
acknowledged artists, his work is shown in numerous international
exhibitions. The Cy Twombly Gallery is opened in Houston in 1995,
which was designed by the architect Renzo Piano in co-operation with
Cy Twombly lived and worked in Rome and Gaeta,
Italy, as well as in Lexington, USA. Cy Twombly died in Rome on 5
July. His son, Cyrus Alessandro Twombly is also a painter and lives
in Rome as well.