Victor Vasarely, Hungarian
Viktor Vásárhelyi (born April 9, 1908, Pécs,
Hungary. – died March 15, 1997, Paris, France), a Hungarian-born
French painter of geometric abstractions who became one of the leading
figures of the
trained as an artist in Budapest in the Bauhaus tradition. In 1930
he left Hungary and settled in Paris, where he initially supported
himself as a commercial artist but continued to do his own work.
During the 1930s he was influenced by Constructivism, but by the
1940s his characteristic style of painting animated surfaces of
geometric forms and interacting colors had emerged. His style
reached maturity in the mid-1950s and 1960s, when he began using
brighter, more vibrant colors to further enhance the suggestion of
movement through optical illusion. Representative works include
“Sirius II” (1954),
“Ondho” (1956–60, Museum of Modern Art, New York City),
and “Arny-C” (1967–69).
Vasarely became a
naturalized French citizen in 1959. Much of his work is housed in
the Vasarely Museum, at the Château de Gourdes, in
Vaucluse département, southern France. In 1970 he
established the Vasarely Foundation, which in 1976 took up quarters
near Aix-en-Provence in a building that he designed.