Eduard Gaertner was German Romantic painter,
architect and printmaker (also Johann Philipp Eduard Gaertner). He was
known by documenting Berlin in his paintings, carefully depicting the
architectural and technological wonders of the time.
The years between the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 and
the revolutions of 1848, known as the Biedermeier era, were a time of
relative peace, prosperity, and innovation in German-speaking Europe.
The art of the period came to be characterized by what a critic of the
day called “rigorous simplicity.”
Berlin was expanding rapidly, growing to fulfill its
role as a major European capital. Imposing new public buildings by
Schinkel and his disciples were being constructed. Painters like Eduard
Gaertner and Johann Erdmann Hummel chose Berlin as their subject.
In Gaertner's paintings, emphasis was given to the
objective recording of natural phenomena, and he sought to achieve an
enamel-like finish that masked individual brushstrokes. We see how
landscape and portraiture grew in importance while history painting
Gaertner was carefully depicting the architectural
and technological wonders, like the huge granite bowl that adorned the
center of the city. They also turned his attention to the magnificent
boulevards, as in his view of Schinkel's Neue Wache (New Guardhouse),
whose Doric portico faces Unter den Linden, the city's most elegant
promenade and parade ground.