The French painter
Paul Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence on January 19,
1839. He attends the Collège Bourbon in Aix-en-Provence as of
1852, and is a very close friend of his class mate
the later author, a friendship that will last a number of years
until they finally break. Following his father's wish he begins to
study law at Aix-en-Provence university as of 1859. At the same
time he takes drawing classes at the municipal drawing school in
to Paris in 1861, following his own wish to be a painter. He
applies at the École des Beaux-Arts, however, he is rejected.
He then attends the Académie Suisse where he meets
spends a lot of time in the Louvre to copy the old masters. His
early works are pastose and raw, the colors thickly applied. He
takes on portentous and gloomy subjects.
In 1872 Cézanne follows Camille Pissarro's invitation to
Pontoise, where they paint together in the open air. Inspired by
Pissarro, Paul Cézanne's style changes, his palette becomes
brighter. He joins the
and exhibits with them in 1874 and 1877, he returns to Aix-en-Provence
in 1879, where he cuts his own path as a painter, lonely and struggling.
comprises landscapes, still lives, portraits of friends and common
people from his surroundings. He takes on the motif of the nude in
the open air, the bathing, in a varying manner.
working all by himself, the remoteness of the Provence and
Cézanne's firm belief that his style is not understood, he
only exhibits at a very late point in his life, success comes
little by little. The art dealer Ambroise Vollard shows his first
one-man show in Paris in 1895, his works are in the Paris Salon
d'Automne for the first time in 1903.
dies in Aix-en-Provence on October 22, 1906. An appraisal of his
works begins only after his death. Paul Cézanne belongs to one
of the most important painters from the early days of
His artistic approach to reality is of fundamental importance for
later generations of artists. The colors and forms in his pictures
consolidate, create objects and become a composition in the
artistic reflection, the process of creation.