Franz Marc was born on February 8, 1880, in Munich,
Germany. He studied at the Munich Art Academy and traveled to Paris several
times where he saw the work of
With Kandinsky, he founded the almanac
Reiter" in 1911 and organized exhibitions with this name. He was a
principal member of the First German Salon d'Automne in 1913. At the
beginning of World War I, he volunteered for military service and he
died near Verdun, France, on March 4, 1916.
Franz Marc was a pioneer in the birth of abstract art at the
beginning of the twentieth-century The Blaue Reiter group put
forth a new program for art based on exuberant color and on
profoundly felt emotional and spiritual states. It was Marc's
particular contribution to introduce paradisiacal imagery that had
as its dramatis personae a collection of animals, most notably a
group of heroic horses.
Tragically, Marc was killed in World War I at the age of
thirty-six, but not before he had created some of the most exciting
and touching paintings of the Expressionist movement.