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Kupka, František (François Frank) [Czech, 1871-1957] 

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Kupka, František (François Frank) [Czech, 1871-1957]


[ 20th Century Artists ]
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František Kupka (b Opocno, 22 Sept 1871; d Puteaux, Paris, 21 June 1957), was a Bohemian painter and graphic artist, active in France. A pioneer of European abstract painting, he first trained at the School of Arts and Crafts at Jaromer under Alois Studnicka (1842–1927). From 1887 until 1891 he studied at the Prague Academy of Fine Arts under Professor František Sequens (1836–96), a late Nazarene, who directed an atelier of religious painting. He continued his studies at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna (1892–3), under Professor August Eisenmenger (1830–1907). In 1894 he met the painter and natural philosopher Karl Diefenbach (b 1851), who impressed him with his ideas of a return to nature. Kupka’s paintings of this period (e.g. Quam ad causam sumus?, ?1894) are untraced. In 1895 he settled in Paris, earning his living as an illustrator for periodicals. In 1899 he exhibited a genre painting, the Bibliomaniac (Prague, N.G., Trade Fair Pal.), at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts without notable success. He first achieved fame with his satirical cycles in anarchistic style, Money, Religion, Peace (all Prague, N.G., Kinsky Pal.), published as lithographs in the periodical L’Assiette au beurre between 1901 and 1904. At the beginning of the century he worked on a Symbolist cycle (1900–03; Prague, N.G., Trade Fair Pal.) in coloured aquatints: Defiance: Black Idol, Quiet Road and Beginning of Life. His Symbolist period culminated in Ballad: Joys of Life (1901–2; Prague, N.G., Trade Fair Pal.), in which elements of naturalism, Symbolism and the decorative stylization of the period were combined. In his preparatory drawings for the cycle the use of luminous colour makes the figures appear ethereal.


  Kupka, František (François Frank) [Czech, 1871-1957]

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(12 Images, Page 1 of 1)
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Title: The Way of Silence
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Title: Vertical Plains Blue and Red
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Title: Amorpha, Warm Chromatics
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Title: Organization of Graphic Motifs II
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Title: The Victorious Dragon
  
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Title: The Conqueror Worm
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Title: The Wave
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Title: The Lotus Soul
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Title: Money
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Title: The Beginning of Life
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Title: Self-portrait
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Title: The Black Idol (Resistance)
(12 Images, Page 1 of 1)
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