Yevgrafovich Tatlin was born in the Russian Republic in 1885.
He worked as a painter and architect. With
he became one of the two most important figures in the Russian
avant-garde art movement of the 1920s.
Tatlin was born in
Kharkiv, Ukraine, the son of a railway engineer and a poet. He
worked as a merchant sea cadet and spent some time abroad. He began
his art career as an icon painter in Moscow, and attended the
Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.
fame as the architect who designed the huge Monument to the Third
International, also known as Tatlin's Tower. Planned in 1920, the
monument, was to be a tall tower in iron, glass and steel which
would have dwarfed the Eiffel Tower in Paris (it was a third taller
at 1,300 feet high). Inside the iron-and-steel structure of twin
spirals, the design envisaged three building blocks, covered with
glass windows, which would rotate at different speeds (the first
one, a cube, once a year; the second one, a pyramid, once a month;
the third one, a cylinder, once a day). High costs prevented Tatlin
from executing the plan.
Tatlin also founded
Russian Constructivist art with his counter-reliefs —
structures made of wood and iron for hanging in wall corners. He
conceived these sculptures in order to question the traditional
idea of painting. Later prominent constructivists included Manuel
Rendón Seminario, Joaquín Torres García, Laszlo
Moholy-Nagy, Antoine Pevsner and Naum Gabo.
friends at the beginning of their careers, Tatlin and
diverged when Malevich did not agree with the utilitarian program
of Constructivism. This led
to develop his Suprematist program in the city of Vitebsk, where he
found a school called UNOVIS (Champions of the new art). Suprematism
came to light in 1915 at the ‘0.10’ exhibition, one of
the main shows of Russian avant-garde, also called “the last
dedicated himself to the study of clothes, objects and so on. At
the end of his life he started to research bird-flight, in order to
provide human beings with facilities that would allow them to
pursue one of the great dreams of humanity: to fly.
Yevgrafovich Tatlin died in 1953. He was buried at the Novodevichiy
Cemetery in Moscow.