Baldung Grien, Hans (1484/85-1545). German painter and graphic artist.
He probably trained with Dürer in Nuremberg, but
his brilliant color, expressive use of distortion, and taste for the gruesome
bring him closer in spirit to his other great German contemporary, Grünewald.
His output was varied and extensive, including religious works, allegories
and mythologies, portraits, designs for stained glass and tapestries, and
a large body of graphic work, particularly book illustrations. He was active
mainly in Strasburg, but from 1512 to 1517 he lived in Freiburg-im-Breisgau,
where he worked on his masterpiece, the high altar for Freiburg Cathedral,
the centre panel of which is a radiant Coronation of the Virgin.
His most characteristic paintings, however, are fairly small in scale erotic
allegories such as Death and the Maiden, a subject he treated several
times. Eroticism is often strongly present in his engravings, the best
known of which is The Bewitched Stable Boy (1544), which has been
interpreted as an allegory of lust.