Fine Arts Presentations

 An e.Gallery for Artists Pisano, Nicola [Italian, 1220-1278] 

Artists

Ethnicity

Collections

Movements

Centuries

 Sponsored by:  Purchase TextAds 
Fine Art Presentations Support
We rely on your donations, and they are tax-deductible.

Home

Index

Search

Contact

About

 Navigate: Home → New  → Pisano Nicola  [Link Partners]  [Help]    Help support the e.Gallery!   

Pisano, Nicola [Italian, 1220-1278]


[ 13th Century Artists | Gothic Artists | Sculptors ]
portrait

The Italian sculptor Nicola Pisano (ca. 1220–1278) liberated sculpture from the hieratic Byzantine manner. His art marked the beginning of the Italian Gothic style.

The birthplace of Nicola Pisano has been the subject of speculation among scholars. His name would seem to indicate that he was a Pisan, but two documents relating to the marble pulpit of the Cathedral in Siena (1265–1268) that he executed refer to him as Nicola d'Apulia (Nicholas of Apulia, in southern Italy) rather than the more common Nicola Pisano. The significance of his birthplace derives from the remarkably classical quality of his earliest extant work, the marble pulpit in the Baptistery of Pisa, signed and dated 1260. Emperor Frederick II, whose court was near Naples, was an admirer of ancient Roman civilization. He encouraged artists to work in the more realistic style of Roman antiquity rather than the more abstract contemporary Romanesque and Byzantine styles. If Nicola had been a native of Apulia and trained in the sculptural workshops of the Emperor, the classical character of the Pisa Baptistery pulpit would be easier to explain. No definitive solution to this problem is possible, however, with the evidence presently available.

The pulpit for the Baptistery in Pisa is adorned with narrative reliefs depicting the Life and Passion of Christ on five of its six sides. Nicola reduced to a minimum the number of figures telling the story so that they dominate the rectangular field. Among them are a number of direct quotations from antique works brought to Pisa by its fleet. The style of the reliefs is remarkably classical and depends on a few monumental figures moving in a stately way across the foreground. Nothing else carved by Nicola bears such a strong resemblance to the antique.

A contract dated Sept. 29, 1265, commissioned Nicola to build a similar marble pulpit for the Cathedral in Siena. The pulpit, which was completed by 1268, varied somewhat in format and style from the Pisan one. He expanded the format by making the pulpit octagonal, and he made the narrative easier to read by substituting statuettes for the clustered columns used to divide the reliefs in the earlier work. In style they reveal a concern for the surface play of highlights and shadows, achieved by deeper cutting and undercutting, and for a growing elegance and grace among the figures, similar to that of Gothic sculpture.

The Gothicism of the Siena Cathedral pulpit continued in Nicola's great secular monument, the Fontana Maggiore in Perugia. This was a joint undertaking of Nicola and his son, Giovanni Pisano. Probably begun in 1277, the fountain was finished in 1278. It consists of two superimposed polygonal stone basins topped with a circular bronze basin carried by three caryatid figures. The lower basin is decorated with reliefs; the upper basin is decorated with statuettes affixed to the angles. In the portions usually attributed to Nicola, the style represents a resolution between the earlier classicizing tendencies and the later Gothicizing tendencies of his art. The work of Giovanni, on the other hand, was wholeheartedly in the new style, that is, the Gothic.

From October of 1916 through January of 1917, Rudolf Steiner gave a series of nine lectures known as the Art Course. These lectures were given the title of: The History of Art. Click here to discover what Steiner said about Nicola Pisano in the ninth lecture, or in the entire lecture series.

Save 28% on all orders of posters, art, photography and more at AllPosters.com! Code: DECOR316 (ends

  Pisano, Nicola [Italian, 1220-1278]

bLog Link

More info from ArtCyclopedia 



No Galleries
Previous Level Top Level

Click here to purchase related items. from Amazon.com.
(6 Images, Page 1 of 1)
Size: 170 KB
Dims: 850 x 607
Type: JPG
File: HA07-006.jpg
Title: The Nativity
[thumbnail of HA07-006.jpg]
Size: 206 KB
Dims: 800 x 594
Type: JPG
File: HA07-029.jpg
Title: Adoration by the Three Wise Men (The Adoration of the Magi)
[thumbnail of HA07-029.jpg]
Size: 256 KB
Dims: 646 x 1036
Type: JPG
File: HA09-043.jpg
Title:  Pulpit in the baptistery of Pisa
[thumbnail of HA09-043.jpg]
Size: 185 KB
Dims: 800 x 594
Type: JPG
File: HA09-044a.jpg
Title: Adoration by the Three Wise Men (The Adoration of the Magi)
[thumbnail of HA09-044a.jpg]
Size: 172 KB
Dims: 800 x 600
Type: JPG
File: HA09-044b.jpg
Title: Adoration by the Three Wise Men (The Adoration of the Magi)
[thumbnail of HA09-044b.jpg]
Size: 199 KB
Dims: 850 x 603
Type: JPG
File: HA09-045.jpg
Title: The Crucifixion
[thumbnail of HA09-045.jpg]
(6 Images, Page 1 of 1)


All images, pictures, etc. contained here are gleaned from Usenet, or some other public access archive. We believe all entries to be in the public domain and, therefore, are without restriction for personal use. Should you want to use any image on this site for commercial purposes, you will need to consult with a competent attorney to determine your rights. If you see errors or omissions (e.g., missing artists, artist not cross-referenced by century or ethnicity), or if you own the copyright to an image displayed here, please contact us.


 Fine Arts Presentations v1.5h
 Copyright 1990-2017 The e.Lib, Inc. 
sanforized 4200139 total hits since September 19th; 81316 hits today 
Page last updated on November 15, 2016 at 22:29:58 
Powered by Thinking!           [Valid RSS]