Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy (1900-55), was a
French-born American painter, born in Brittany, France on January 5th 1900.
He was originally a merchant seaman, and was drafted into the army during
World War I. Tanguy was impelled to take up painting after seeing pictures by
and in 1925, he joined the
Movement where he was welcomed by
Tanguy incorporated into his work the images of geological formations he had
observed during a trip to Africa in 1930.
He exhibited extensively during the 1930's in solo and
group shows in New York, Brussels, Paris, and London.
In 1939 he emigrated to the USA, where he lived for the rest of his life,
marrying the American Surrealist painter
in 1940 and becoming an American citizen in 1948.
Tanguy's most characteristic
works are painted in a scrupulous technique reminiscent of that of
but his imagery is highly distinctive, featuring half marine and half
lunar landscapes in which amorphous nameless objects proliferate in a
(The Invisibles, Tate Gallery, London, 1951). A retrospective
of Tanguy's work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York eight months
after his death on January 15th 1955, in Woodbury, Connecticut.