Cimabue, the nickname (Ox-head) given to
Cenni di Peppi, was the major artist working in Florence at the
end of the 13th-century. Associated with Gothic art, he was an important
contributor to Pre-Renaissance Painting (c.1300–1400). A contemporary
of Dante (who describes him in The Divine Comedy, as the leading painter
of the time), he is supposed to have taught Giotto (1267–1337)
and initiated the move from the static “unreal” style of
Byzantine art to the more realistic trecento idiom of Florentine
Proto-Renaissance art, using three-dimensional space, more natural-looking
human forms and greater emotion.
Giorgio Vasari (1511–74), the Italian, writer,
painter and architect — writing 300 years later — places
an account of Cimabue at the very beginning of his “Lives of the
Artists” (1550), stating that he gave “the first light to
the art of painting”. But little if any solid evidence remains
to support this assertion.
From October of 1916 through January of 1917, Rudolf Steiner gave a series
of nine lectures known as the Art Course. These lectures were given
the title of:
The History of Art.
Click here to discover what Steiner said about
in the first lecture, or in the entire